The Career Blazers: 7 Black Female Medical Pioneers

May 30, 2012  |  

Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler

In 1860, at the age of 29, Rebecca Lee Crumpler was accepted into the New England Female Medical College. She graduated four years later, becoming the first black female in the United States to obtain an M.D. degree. When the medical college closed in 1873, Crumpler also became the only black female to have graduated from the institution. In 1883, she published The Book of Medical Discourse, which is one of the first medical books to be published by a black person of any gender.

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