All Articles Tagged "poverty"
What is the goal of a food stamp challenge?
No really, when you stop to think about it, what really is the lesson we all are supposed to learn when celebrities and politicans and regular lay persons force themselves to live like the poor in America?
As reported on her blog GOOP, everybody’s favorite pretentious health nut actress Gwyneth Paltrow accepted a challenge last week from chef guy friend Mario Batali to try to live on $29 a week, which is what supposedly many low income families on SNAP survive on for their weekly allowances. From the onset, she admitted that she already knew this challenge was going to be a dud and just donated money to a New York area Food Bank. Sometimes you just got to acknowlege your limitations and move on. However, not many had suspected that the challenge would be this bad.
In the picture she posted on her blog of grocery purchases from her SNAP funds, I wasn’t quite sure if Paltrow was actually planning on making a meal or a couple of margaritas. I’m talking a single loaf of bread, one avocado, one ear of corn, one onion, one sweet potato, some leafy vegegtables, some eggs, black beans, a bag of peas and six limes. I don’t know why she needed six limes. But she did say that she made black bean taquitas and black bean cakes and corn salsa with the allowance, which is healthy and certainly sounds delicious enough.
Still, I do wonder where she decided to go food shopping? I know $29 isn’t lots, but I also know that there are some produce stores around my way (and around other ways in America), where you can get a big bags of corn, onions, sweet potatos and other veggies for like a buck a bag each. But everybody got their special places they like to shop. And as reported on her blog, her favorite place made her quit by the fourth day. In particular, she writes:
“As I suspected, we only made it through about four days, when I personally broke and had some chicken and fresh vegetables (and in full transparency, half a bag of black licorice). My perspective has been forever altered by how difficult it was to eat wholesome, nutritious food on that budget, even for just a few days—a challenge that 47 million Americans face every day, week, and year. A few takeaways from the week were that vegetarian staples liked dried beans and rice go a long way—and we were able to come up with a few recipes on a super tight budget.”
That’s nice. And in all honesty, I give her a virtual high five for even trying to understand what poor people have to go through in America. However she then goes on a tangent, albiet well-meaning, about equal pay, which in my opinion, totally misses the point of understanding the economic plight of the poor. In particular, she writes:
“After trying to complete this challenge (I would give myself a C-), I am even more outraged that there is still not equal pay in the workplace. Sorry to go on a tangent, but many hardworking mothers are being asked to do the impossible: Feed their families on a budget which can only support food businesses that provide low-quality food. The food system in our beautiful country needs to be subjected to a heavy revision—it is a cyclical problem, with repercussions that we all feel. I’m not suggesting everyone eat organic food from some high horse in the sky. I’m saying everyone should be able to afford fresh, real food. And if women were paid an equal wage, families might have more of a choice in the grocery aisles, not to mention in the rest of their lives.”
And this is where I have to side-eye Paltrow a little here. I know that she is all about eating “organic” and assumes the rest of us are disease-infested zombies because we eat the stuff the government sprays down with bug spray. But it assumes priorities on poor people that are largely rich people’s contemplations. In other words, eating organic from places like Whole Paycheck is a luxury, which is why it is marketed to people with the means to afford it. We learn more and more every day that the stuff marketed as organic is not necessarily…well, organic. Heck, it is not all that healthy.
Likewise, those without money, even when they have a little more, are not necessarily going to go for “better” quality vegetables because they have more money, but rather they will probably use those extra dollars to purchase more food. As noted by a UK study called the Cost of Poverty, essential goods and services that people need to participate in society take up a relatively larger share of low-income budgets. Therefore, we pay more for less. And with the extra money, we will pay more to get more. You know, so they can make it the full seven days without fake-starving like Paltrow by the fourth day?
And that is part of the reason why I dislike the food stamp challenge. It is not just about healthy and organic food. Heck, surviving on limited allowances isn’t really about the food at all. As I mentioned earlier, those who have been without for so long, know how to make a $29 budget work. I do it all the time. And I still manage to eat healthy and I eat until I’m full. However the real challenge is getting the food itself. One stop at the produce aisle for cheap vegetables; my staple and non-perishable items at a discount supermarket, which is on the other side of the neighborhood. Then it is a trip to a discount drug store to get deodorant, toilet tissue, body lotion and all other personal hygiene care. Unlike, many of my fellow comrades in the economic struggle, I have a car, which makes my weekly trek for food and such much easier (with exception of the cost of gas).
As pointed out by another article in Next City, a 2011 Brookings study revealed that while 70 percent of adults in American metropolitan areas can find a transit stop within three-quarters of a mile from home, the “typical” resident can only use that transit to reach 30 percent of jobs within 90-minutes or less. Then there are other deterrents; as this article from AlterNet points out, low-income drivers pay more for car insurance. We also pay more on average for our mortgage interest. We are more likely to buy furniture and appliances through pricey rent-to-own businesses.
In other words, it is not just about food. It is about food, shelter, clothing, personal items, and the same thing for children. It is the hardship between those things. It’s about a structure put into place to ensure that those things are not accessible to us all. You can pay folks equally and raise the minimum wage and they will still not be able to get by without reliable transportation or when they are paying way more for stuff that Paltrow has the privledge to pay fair market value for.
And I know I sound like a downer considering that she tried, however those efforts only aim to make those with privilege feel better about their privileged existence, because at least they tried to live partly like the working poor, who do so without asking and without much fanfare, every single day.
Earlier this week, a story began to float around about a former Chief of Operation for a medical company who now finds himself barely making it on food stamps.
As reported by FOX 59, 37 year old Adam Smith used to work for a Tucson Arizona-based medical manufacturer, making $200,000 a year. However he had been fired after he posted a video of himself on YouTube chastising a Chick-fil-A employee for working for what he called a “hateful corporation.” And he has been unable to find work since the summer of 2012.
If you recall, the CEO of the popular chicken sandwich fast food restaurant had openly discussed his opposition to gay marriage, which sparked nationwide protest against the food chain, including Smith’s ill-advised protest video.
And as the news station reports:
“After Smith posted the video to YouTube, he returned to work where he was fired that day. A receptionist told him that their voicemail was completely full of bomb threats.
Smith and his family then moved to Portland where he got another job as a CFO. But he was fired two weeks later after they found out who he was. Since then, he has been unable to find work.
“I don’t regret the stand I took, but I regret… the way I talked to her,” Smith said.”
And yet the CEO of Chick-fil-A is still gainfully employed and living high off of the hog…er, I mean spicy chicken sandwiches. I guess the freedom of speech that anti-gay rights activists always like to tout when you call them out on their shit, is only available to them.
You can watch the video here. As you can see, it wasn’t that bad. In fact, the entire moment was more awkward than it was abusive. And in all honesty, I have no idea why he was fired considering that the only one who appeared to be hurt in this entire exchange was Smith himself, who looked like a total douchebag. If he really wanted to take a stand, he should have taken his complaints to the CEO himself, and not a $10 bucks-an-hour employee. But shit happens. We all (or many of us) have been fired before for dumb and superficial reasons. I know I have…
But what bothers me more about this story is how gleeful and amused folks have been while passing this story around. Folks find it funny that a man and his family have gone from American Express cards to an EBT card. I have read statuses on Facebook and other social media sites, mocking this family’s circumstances, like “ha-ha, that’s what he gets,” and “ha-ha, he’s on welfare…”
But there is nothing funny about needing help. On the contrary, it is actually quite humbling. As an able-bodied adult who wants to work but can’t find suitable employment, it is not easy admitting to the world, let alone yourself, that you must take a hand-out. And I’ve been there. I was there as a full-time college student who, in spite of working nearly 40 hours a week, still couldn’t manage to pay for school expenses, rent, utilities and groceries at the same time. And again in my twenties, when my first post-graduate job left me woefully underpaid and living back at home with mom. And again, most recently, when I lost my job at non-profit, which ran out of funding, and I was unable to pay most of my bills.
In each one of those situations, I was faced with the uncomfortable position of needing to ask for help. On one of those occasions I did ask. It was at the insistence of my best friend who couldn’t watch me struggling in tears anymore as I tried, in vain, to find ways to pay my mortgage and eat at the same time. But in spite of my desperation and clear need, I resisted at first.
I would like to say it was just pride. Like many Americans, I have internalized the belief that to struggle financially, is indeed noble. I had taken pride in being able to pull myself up by the boot straps even when I was boot-less. And I saw it as a character-flaw to ask for help. But foolish pride aside, it was the stigma around public assistance, particularly the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) or food stamps, which acted as its own deterrent in itself.
That’s because in our culture, we see and treat those who use public assistance as lazy and shiftless. And I’m not just talking about the right wing, which has done a pretty good job of villainizing the poor and painting mothers in need as “welfare queens.” But also those of us who should know better, but hide our biases behind anecdotal stories about welfare cheating cousins and strangers we see in the supermarket “frivolously” spending money on crab legs, hoagies and other non-essential food items.
As someone who had grown up on public assistance, I have first-hand experience dealing with the marginalization. I remember the embarrassment I felt, very well, the first time Mom sent me to the corner, Korean grocery store with a stack of booklet of stamps, or fake money, to buy food. I remember the kids laughing and pointing at me because I had to eat the freebie lunch at school when Mom, who was working a low-wage job taking care of mentally-ill people, was too poor to even afford lunch meat. And I also remember watching a total stranger suck her teeth and hiss in the direction of my Mom for being shiftless as she paid for our shared birthday cake (our birthdays are only 8 days a part) with food stamps, although that cake would be the only celebration we would have that year.
I remember being a child, swearing to myself that I would starve first before finding myself on public assistance. And I did everything I could – everything that society told me I should do – to make that a reality, including going to college, not having children out of wedlock and being fiscally responsible. But as I said earlier, shit happens. And according to CNS News from earlier this year, that shit is happening to more Americans than we care to believe.
More specifically, the news site reported last year that the number of Americans receiving food stamps has exceeded 46,674,364, which is about the population of Spain. This is compared to the average participation rate in 1969, which stood at 2,878,000. That is an increase of 1516.96 percent. And according to this article in the Huffington Post, “more than three times as many SNAP households had members who were employed as compared to those who relied solely on SNAP benefits for food.” Moreover, “In 2010, the Government Accountability Office found that “trafficking,” a fraudulent activity commonly cited in the media, where SNAP benefits are sold for cash, has decreased from 3.8 cents per dollar of benefits in 1993 to about 1 cent per dollar of benefits — a significant decline.”
Eventually I would bite the bullet, acknowledge my place among the invisible poor and fill out the application for assistance. I got food stamps as well as free medical care. And although folks looked at me strange when I pulled out my card to pay for groceries, I was happy that the safety net was there to catch me at a time when I was seriously in need of a helping hand. Plus, eating food is actually quite nice.
However we feel about Adam Smith’s personal actions that day, we should all know that public assistance is not punishment or karma. It is not something that happens to people because they were bad, dishonest or even criminal. Public assistance is just that: assistance. And as the Republicans persist in its aggressive war against the poor, particularly villainizing and actually cutting services to those receiving public assistance, we should be sharing stories around about how we can work to protect one of this country’s greatest public services – and not use it as a tool of humiliation.
I’m sure this Adam Smith will eventually bounce back. People are resilient. Plus, he is a White man. Somebody will hire him. Perhaps he could go work for a non-profit, which supports gay rights. He has already proven himself a martyr for the cause. Or perhaps his first-hand experience seeing how the other half lives, including and likely the $10 bucks an-hour employee he berated, will go work for on behalf of the poor. Lord knows, we can use more vocal advocates.
Undoubtedly, every child is born with potential. But challenges, difficult upbringings and unfair circumstances can shroud or even snuff out some of that light. But it doesn’t have to be that way. If anyone can tell you that, it’s the Sanders sisters.
Triplets, Angel, Ashley and Amber Sanders, 24, did not always have a rosy childhood. Angel told The Indianapolis Star that around 7 or 8 she remembers being taken to the Marion County Children’s Guardian Home with her sisters. They obviously weren’t ideal circumstances but as they recalled the stories, all three wore smiles that seemed to suggest that they couldn’t believe that they had not only endured but walked away from that experience triumphant.
“It was like the movies,” Angel said. “There was a room with a bunch of kids and a bunch of beds. There was a little cubby for your stuff.”
And then her sister Amber interjected: “Some of those kids were bad.” She told The Star, they stayed in that home for a few weeks before being placed in foster care with a relative. And that was just one time. Before their childhood ended, the triplets would spend two long stints in foster care, several months in shelters with their mother, who had a substance abuse problem, and transferred to several different schools, homes and apartments. So many that the three of them have a hard time remembering all of them.
Ashley said, “It’s almost like a dream-it seems so far away. If we didn’t have each other, I don’t know how we could have done it. I don’t know who we would have had to talk to about all the things were were going through.”
Thankfully, the Sanders sisters found confidantes in their high school teachers and advisors.
Amber recalled having suicidal thoughts after being bullied as a young teenagers and all three of the girls remember cutting themselves for a brief period trying to cope with their emotional pain. Thankfully, the sisters, after landing at the Indianapolis Metropolitan School, were able to find teachers who were willing to council them.
Amber said, “Talking to teachers helped a lot. We were really quiet for a long time; it was like we never talked in public. But once we talked to our reached about everything, I felt we were more outgoing. We hadn’t known how to communicated and I just wanted to be quiet because I was mad about everything going on. I feel like talking to the teachers just helped me learn to speak up and find my voice.”
They certainly did. It was during their high school years that the sisters discovered their passion for languages, studying everything form Arabic to Chinese.
Principal of the Indianapolis Metropolitan High School, Clete Ladd remembers the trio well.
“They’re probably the hardest working kids I’ve ever met in my lifetime.” He recalled the sister rising above the violent and impoverished neighborhoods which they often lived and honing their energies on resumes, test scores and improving their grades. Ladd said, if one of the girls received an A- on a research paper, all three of them would march up to their teachers trying to find out what they needed to do to receive an A.
Ladd said one day the sisters, who always traveled in a group, came to his office to inquire about receiving an Academic Honors diploma. In Indianapolis Metropolitan, a high-poverty charter school, these types of diplomas were uncommon at the time. But Ladd says the sisters not only earned the diplomas for themselves, they encouraged fellow classmates to join them.
They also participated in a few after-school and summer programs, all which worked to prepare them for college.
They ultimately decided on Indiana University, (IU) because they knew they needed to escape the city life. They used scholarships to finance their educations and their high school teachers, and Principal Lad, continued to help them, serving as mentors and driving the three to and from IU at the beginning and end of each semester.
“I knew we needed to get away.” Amber said.
A change of scenery helped them. Angel majored in international studies and Amber and Ashley focused on East Asian languages. All three graduated with bachelor’s degrees a g.p.a. of at least 3.1.
But their education hasn’t stopped. They’ve been accepted to graduate school in South Korea. Their high school mentors have created a website to help raise funds for the sisters. You can learn more about it here.
Currently, each of the sisters help mentor children faced with some of the traumas they endured growing up.
“Kids need to know there are people that care about them. Teachers helped us.” Ashley said.
Angel reiterated her sister’s sentiment, reflecting on their own lives.
“I look back and I feel like all of the pain was building up inside of us because for a long time we had nobody to talk to other than each other. We felt so much better once we started talking to teachers and sharing our stories.”
A new report from the Office of Minority Health finds that nearly 40 percent — two in five — African American and Latino males don’t have health insurance. Among these uninsured black men, 59 percent report an income at or below the national poverty line.
The report, “Characteristics of Uninsured Adult Males by Race and Ethnicity (Ages 19 to 64 Years)” is a snapshot of the state of health care for men of various races across the US. While we’ve focused quite a bit on how the Affordable Care Act is bringing more Americans on to much-needed health care plans, the uproar the law has caused among Republicans, and the impact that the new mandates — and the Supreme Court decisions against them — has on women, there’s also men’s health to be concerned with.
According to the latest numbers, eight million people have signed up for health insurance under the ACA. The Office of Minority Health is a special effort within the Department of Health and Human Services charged with creating policies and programs that benefit minorities and reduce health disparities in this country. This latest report shows that there’s a big gap in access to health insurance. In every age group, white men have the lowest percentage of people lacking health insurance (Asian men are next). African American and Latino men have the highest.
“An important factor in making progress toward reducing health disparities and achieving health equity is our ability to understand why disparities occur and how to eliminate them,” Dr. J. Nadine Gracia, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Minority Health and the Director of the Office of Minority Health, told us via email.
“This type of knowledge about the patterns of uninsurance among adult minority men prior to the establishment of the Health Insurance Marketplace and the expansion of Medicaid eligibility can be a powerful tool for organizations today. It can help them develop targeted interventions to ensure that more men of color and their families obtain access to opportunities for coverage and preventive health benefits to improve the health status of all Americans,” she continued.
Poverty is a closely-related issue, specifically among African-American men, who are more often at the federal poverty level (FPL) than any other racial group. Forty-three percent of African-American men have no full-time worker in their household, also the highest percentage among the racial groups examined.
And if you’re interested in the mental health issue, be sure to tune in to Twitter on Thursday, July 17 at 2pm ET, using the hashtag #MMHMChat. MN Business will be there along with the Office of Minority Health, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and the Department of Health and Human Services. The chat, marking Minority Mental Health Month, will cover everything from the cultural differences on the issue of mental health to reducing the disparities between different ethnic groups. Have your questions ready for this important topic!
Other parts of the country may be on the rebound from the recession. But don’t count the South in that group. Even today, the South is poorer than the rest of the nation, according to new findings.
North Carolina and a number of other Southern U.S. states had the biggest increases in the number of people living in “poverty areas” between 2000 and 2010, according to a just released Census Bureau report. “Poverty areas are places where more than 20 percent of the people live below the federal poverty line, which varies by family size. For a family of four, the poverty line in most states is an annual income of $23,850,” reports The Huffington Post.
And the number of poor Americans is nothing to sneeze at. In fact, some 25.7 percent of all Americans live in poverty-stricken areas. This is a major increase from 18.1 percent in 2000, found the report. Lack of money is not they only thing that affects these areas; poverty areas most commonly have “higher crime rates, poor housing conditions, and fewer job opportunities,” states the report. And majority of these poverty areas are located in the South.
Five of the six biggest states to see an increase in poverty areas were in the South. Southern states typically trail behind the rest of the country in things like wages, economic mobility and access to health care, and take the lead in poverty, obesity and general unhappiness. “Another thing Southern states have in common is Republican political leaders that have spent the past decade shrinking the social safety net,” reports HuffPo.
There are two Southern states–Louisiana and West Virginia–who did not follow the downward trend. These states saw the number of people living in poverty decrease during the decade.
But the region that saw the largest overall rise in the number of people living in poverty areas between 2000 and 2010 was actually the Midwest, not the South. That may, however, be attributed to the fact that the Midwest had relatively low numbers to begin with while the South began with extremely high rates of people living in poverty-stricken areas.
Oftentimes, when we think about poverty, our minds go to third-world countries, when in fact it’s right here as well. It’s an issue that requires our attention and the services and investment to combat.
Before I get into the nitty gritty of my position, know that I am aware that almost all statistics support the fact that growing up privileged leads to a greater rate of success in life. However, there are some distinct examples of people who grew up under some of the worst conditions becoming massively more successful than others from similar backgrounds. In some cases, more so than those from the most privileged backgrounds.
Malcom Gladwell, renowned author of books like Blink and Outliers, dedicated an entire book to this subject, in David and Goliath. He states:
“There is a set of advantages that have to do with material resources, and there is a set that have to do with the absence of material resources-and the reason underdogs win as often as they do is that the latter is sometimes every bit the equal of the former.”
Plainly put, growing up with disadvantages, can lead to significant advantages in life. For example, anyone who knows me knows that one of my favorite sayings is, “What’s the difference between me and Oprah?” It’s not quite grammatically correct, but a provoking thought all the same. To me Oprah’s upbringing is the epitome of struggle and what she has accomplished in her life is the epitome of success. She was mistreated, sexually abused and promiscuous as a teenager. However, Oprah’s grandmother taught her to read at a very young age and that was her escape all throughout her hardships. Even after gaining some stride in her career she was rejected several times, which she overcame with ease.
Oprah was treated so horribly as a youth that she knew she had seen and been through so much and still remained standing, that this built up a resistance, and as a result, confidence which helped her overcome rejection. Furthermore, by using books as a means to escape her troubles, she was able to craft her skills in communication and journalism which aided in propelling her success. Without these struggles would Oprah be who she is today?
How much did being blind contribute to make Ray and Stevie great? Or that the President of the United States grew up practically fatherless? And did I mention Oprah?
Malcolm Gladwell explains how people from privileged backgrounds face so little adversity, they don’t build up a sense to think outside the box because they don’t have to. Whereas when you live through adversity you may have to think outside the box on a daily basis just to survive.
We have to learn to embrace the struggle, turn our negatives into positives, and channel our anger into energy. For example, a product of the struggle could be considered fast talking, scheming, angry, and a hustler. In positive application, these same negative characteristic could transfer into being charismatic, convincing, thoughtful… and a BOSS.
One of the latest political/social issues to grab a lot of attention is the inequality gap. But the discussions often dance around the notion of how race affects the gap. In 1967, in throes of the Civil Rights movement the median household income was 43 percent higher for white, non-Hispanic households than for black households. Things have changed, but for the worse! In 2011, median white household income was 72 percent higher than median black household income, according to a Census report from that year.
The gap is even more glaring when you look at the median household wealth instead of yearly income, reports MSN. The Pew Research Center found that in 1984, the white-to-black wealth ratio was 12-to-1. It narrowed by 1995 when the median white income was 5-to-1 to black income. But incredibly, by 2009 the ratio shot up to a whopping 19-to-1.
Despite this, politicians are avoiding discussing race and the inequality gap. A new 204-page analysis of the federal War on Poverty, led by Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis.), barely mentions racial disparity. And remember Ryan recently said poverty is due in part to the fact that “inner cities” have a culture of “men not working,” a comment he ultimately called “inarticulate.”
While President Obama did note that “the painful legacy of discrimination means that African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans are far more likely to suffer from a lack of opportunity—higher unemployment, higher poverty rates” during a December 2013 address, it was just one line.
So why the deliberate avoidance of race? “I think it doesn’t make for good politics,” Color of Change executive director Rashad Robinson says. “It’s messy and requires us to be deep and think about much bigger and more long-term solutions than Washington’s oftentimes willing to deal with.” But when taking about employment and home ownership it is hard to keep out the issue of race.
A recently study from Brandeis University found that the disparities in homeownership are a major driver of the racial wealth gap especially due to “redlining, discriminatory mortgage-lending practices and lack of access to credit.
And for those black families who finally owned homes, the Great Recession reversed the advancements, many losing their homes in foreclosure.
And when it comes to employment, black unemployment is still twice as high as white unemployment—a ratio that has been solid since the mid-1950s.
“The underlying narrative that many people share is that whatever inequities still exist, they’re due to the misbehavior or dysfunctional behavior of black folks themselves,” said William Darity Jr., the director of Duke University’s Consortium on Social Equity. “So there’s no reason to pay attention to racial disparities because one doesn’t believe they’re still significant, or there’s no need for public policy action by the government because it’s just a question of black folks changing their own behaviors.”
Even Obama often likes to stress personal responsibility when addressing the black community. His new “My Brother’s Keeper” initiative emphasizes it in its effort to help young men of color.
Darity argues that self-perpetuating inequality will only be broken through wealth transfers.
“People’s behaviors are largely shaped by the resources they possess, and if their resources altered, than they might change their behaviors,” he said.
You’d think schools would be protected by government cuts, but thousands of black and Latinos lost their schools in 2013. And this happened all over the country.
In Philadelphia, a slew of school closures over the summer meant a longer, and often less safe, journey to other elementary and middle schools further away.
According to city officials the closed schools had been underutilized or were underperforming, and their closure, students have an opportunity to attend better-equipped schools.
Chicago closed about 150 schools over the past 10 years and in the city, 88 percent of the students affected by the school closures are African American. Philadelphia is just as bad–81 percent are black. In the city’s more than 93 percent of the affected students are from poor families. “The numbers have played out much the same way in Detroit, New York, Newark, NJ, Oakland and Washington, D.C. Parents of school children in each of these cities have filed federal complaints under the 1964 Civil Rights Act to fight school closings,” reports MSNBC.
The closures have forced students to have to travel longer to schools, often through unwelcoming neighborhoods. Plus, classroom sizes have gotten so large that students don’t have desks to sit in.
Despite this, officials have portrayed school closures has something that would improve education. Philadelphia’s Mayor Michael Nutter said in June that the school board “made tough choices, but they made the right choice. We need to downsize the system.”
Some other school building now house charter schools.
This has opened up the debate on charter schools, which are basically publicly funded schools with private management that operate. In many of the cities with mass school closings, officials have invested in the expansion of charter schools. And supporters of charter schools say the schools offer parents a quality option instead of failing neighborhood schools.
School officials in Newark recently caused an uproar when they announced massive school restructuring that included closing some schools and placing a number of charter schools in current district-owned buildings.
Over in Chicago, the Public Schools proposed the addition of 21 new privately run charter schools. This after closing nearly 50 schools over the summer. The district is facing a $1 billion deficit, yet a recent analysis showed that 21 new charter schools could cost taxpayers as much as $225 million over the next decade.
Race has played a major part in the closing.
With echoes of busing from the 1960s, the Missouri Supreme Court earlier this year upheld a ruling that allowed thousands of mostly poor black students to leave their failing school districts and attend better schools in far-off, affluent communities. White parents were angry about the decision, saying they feared that black students from poor communities would bring with them drugs and violence. Those fears never materialized.
“We get calls from black kids in jail every day, saying, we need some help. They all have three things in common that are consistently true: they are black, they come from a poor socioeconomic strata and they’ve had a poor damn education,” said Adolphus Pruitt, head of the St. Louis chapter of the NAACP.
Nationwide, 1,929 schools were closed during the 2010-2011 school year alone, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.
Being poor can hurt a person’s ability to make sound financial decisions, or make choices about school and life in general. A landmark Science study has concluded that poverty is basically similar to losing 13 IQ points.
So if being poor leads to bad decision-making (as opposed to the other way around), then giving cash should alleviate the cognitive burdens of poverty, all on its own, reports The Atlantic.
Neuroscientists Joseph W. Kable and Joseph T. McGuire examined time, uncertainty and decision-making and they found that virtues like patience and self-control weren’t as simple as other studies suggested. For example, a marshmallow study found that kids who are given the sweet treat and ate it right away were thought of as impatient and kids who waited had self-control. On the whole, those children who waited went on to lead more productive lives.
But that kind of self-control in the real world “isn’t so black-and-white,” Dr. Kable tells the magazine. Perhaps the inescapability of poverty weighs so heavily on the poor that they abandon long-term planning entirely, because the short-term needs are so great and the long-term gains so implausible. The train is just not coming. Maybe the psychology of poverty, which can seem so irrational to those not in poverty, is actually the most rational response to an unpredictable world.
Business Insider quotes a despairing comment left on the Kinja site to illustrate the point:
It’s not like the sacrifice will result in improved circumstances; the thing holding me back isn’t that I blow five bucks at Wendy’s. It’s that now that I have proven that I am a Poor Person that is all that I am or ever will be. It is not worth it to me to live a bleak life devoid of small pleasures so that one day I can make a single large purchase. I will never have large pleasures to hold on to.
“None of this is an argument against poorer families trying to save or plan for the long-term. It’s an argument for context,” notes The Atlantic. Science study author Eldar Shafir told the magazine, “All the data shows it isn’t about poor people, it’s about people who happen to be in poverty. All the data suggests it is not the person, it’s the context they’re inhabiting.”
The idea of the government giving every adult a basic income has sparked a lot of discussion in recent weeks with a proposal of a free money giveaway from The Atlantic‘s Matt Bruenig and Elizabeth Stoker. Then Annie Lowrey revisited the concept recently in the New York Times. They contemplate whether we could cut poverty with these measure.
According to a September Census Bureau report , 15 percent of Americans (46.5 million) live below the poverty line. Even though government benefits like food stamps help lift some of them above the line, millions still live below it.
For this program, people would literally get money in the mail that they can use to improve their situation. “The government would mail every American over the age of 21 a check each month. That’s it. Everyone is free to do what they like with it,” reports Business Insider.
While it sounds simple, the money still has to come from somewhere.
“In 2012, there were 179 million Americans between the ages of 21 and 65 (when Social Security would kick in). The poverty line was $11,945,” reports Business Insider. When adding this up, it would mean it will cost $2.14 trillion to give each working-age American a basic income equal to the poverty line. In comparison, U.S. GDP was nearly $16 trillion in 2012 and $700 billion was allotted to the defense budget.
A minimum income would also allow the government to eliminate benefits like SNAP and housing vouchers. A 2012 Congressional Research Service report revealed that the federal government spends about $750 billion annually on benefits for low-income Americans; this figure rises to a trillion when state programs are factored in. If the government eliminates all of those, the net figure comes out to $1.2 trillion needed to pay for a universal basic income.
There are other ways to pay for the “free” money. “The CBO found that a carbon tax would bring in nearly $100 billion a year for instance. Revenue would also increase automatically since everyone would have a basic income on which to pay taxes,” reports Business Insider.
With a basic income and the security that comes with it, we could also see other changes in society. For instance, workers would have to courage to demand better wages and working conditions. But there are also fears that a program like this would encourage some not to work.
Of course, all of this is just talk right now since it would require Congressional approval. “Congress can’t even keep the government open or pass a budget, much less revamp our entire benefits program into a basic income,” reports Business Insider.
What do you think of the basic income idea?