All Articles Tagged "CDC"
For some people, yoga isn’t just a discipline, it’s a way of life. For the Centers for Disease Control, however, yoga is not an adequate form of physical activity. At least, it’s not an adequate form in terms of the moderate-intensity level aerobic exercise encouraged for 30 minutes a day to improve your health.
Clearly people haven’t tried hot yoga…
According to a recent study published in the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, the intensity of holding most Hatha yoga poses in classes does not meet the criteria for moderate-intensity physical activity. Research was done into past investigations of how many calories are burned in yoga and the metabolic intensity of poses and breathing exercises, including the sun salutations sequence.
Researchers found that most of the poses, and yoga in general, fit the classification of light-intensity activity. The sun salutations sequence, however, does meet moderate intensity. If those moves (including planks, lunges, upward and downward dog) are done throughout the day, it can help you meet the recommended daily activity requirements from the CDC’s Physical Activity Guideline for Americans. But if you do the normal range of Hatha poses, you’re not really getting the burn you could get from, say, 30 minutes of brisk walking, which can help you meet the level encouraged to boost your health.
However, the study also noted that even if it isn’t very intense at times, the benefits of doing Hatha yoga are still great. You can build some serious strength (and muscle-strengthening activities are part of the guidelines), especially in your core. Moves can also have quite the impact on your balance and flexibility. And, of course, one of the greatest benefits of Hatha yoga is that it helps you combat stress and calms you. In this hectic world, such practices can go a very long way in preserving your mental health. And if we’re talking about improving health, per the CDC’s guidelines, it’s also important to look out for more than just the physical.
As Zika virus transmissions become more rampant in the United States, the CDC shared some unfortunate news about how they (probably) won’t be able to help those who become infected in the near future. At a press conference this past Tuesday, CDC’s director Dr. Thomas Frieden told reporters, “the cupboard is bare.” “Basically, we are out of money and we need Congress to act,” he shared.
Despite the severity of this news, our congressmen and women have been on summer vacation for seven weeks. They return back to work next Tuesday but until they do, Federal agencies are not allowed to spend or receive new money unless Congress gives them the green light.
Since Dr. Frieden revealed the lack of money the CDC has to help treat the virus, three new cases were reported in Florida. Out of the $222 million that was allocated for Zika, Dr. Frieden states $200 million has already been spent. In addition to that, Dr. Frieden noted that $197.3 million has been spent in total because the virus became an epidemic in Puerto Rico and the CDC had to treat travelers and pregnant women who were infected with Zika on the U.S. mainland.
This past February, President Obama asked Congress to approve the $1.9 billion emergency fund for the virus but the majority Republican-controlled government body rejected that proposal and instead sought accountability from the CDC and National Institutes of Health to use leftover money from the Ebola and other life-threatening diseases budget, NBC News reports. Republicans proposed for the CDC’s Zika virus fund to be financed only if Planned Parenthood would receive less funding. The Democrats shot that proposal down, immediately.
If the CDC doesn’t receive the necessary funding it needs, Gulf states will become more susceptible to the virus and Dr. Frieden has already noted that more infants are becoming infected with the disease. So far 16 infants have been born with Zika and the numbers from Puerto Rico are said to be record-breaking.
The death rate for Blacks has decreased, according to a new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report. And actually Americans are living longer than ever before as the U.S. life expectancy went up again and death rates dropped across the board.
Still Black males have the highest death rate, and the death rate for Black women is higher than White women. Jiaquan Xu, lead author of this report, says Blacks have higher rates of heart disease and hypertension than other groups. (Here are some basics about heart disease, but be sure to talk with your doctor for specifics and other medical advice.)
Homocide, considered an unintentional injury, which is one of the top 10 causes of death in this country, is also high among Blacks. For Blacks it’s 5.2 per 100,000 population, compared to 2.5 for non-Hispanic whites, Dr. Xu tells USA Today.
The suicide rate has also reached its highest point in 25 years. That figure has been increasing since 2000 and “it’s really hard to say why,” said Robert Anderson, who oversees the CDC branch that issued the report.
The report found that U.S. life expectancy for a child born in 2012 was 78 years and 9½ months, an increase of about six weeks from life expectancy in 2010 and 2011 (a record). For a person 65, men have about 18 years of life left and women about 20½ years. The gaps between men and women grew a bit, compared to 2011. And the infant mortality rate decreased again slightly, to a new low of 5.98 per 1,000 births. While this is a historic low, the U.S. infant mortality rate is stll higher than in most European countries.
According to the CDC, the 10 leading causes of death remained the same, with heart disease and cancer topping the list. Suicide is the 10th, reports The Huffington Post.
The decline in the death rate is attributed, at least in part, to a reduction in the number of death from things like cancer and heart disease.
— Morehouse College (@Morehouse) September 30, 2014
Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) does some amazing medical research. And now it just got a boost from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The CDC has awarded the MSM’s Prevention Research Center (PRC) a $4.5 million grant to continue its vital public health work for five more years.
“This five-year funding cycle begins Sept. 30, 2014, and ends Sept. 29, 2019. MSM-PRC is part of a network of 26 total academic prevention research centers in 25 states across the country. The Center has maintained its CDC funding since 1998,” according to a press release.
“The MSM-PRC’s work is unique in that community residents do not just contribute or advise, but lead our research agenda to address chronic health problems that are often related to other social determinants,” said Dr. Tabia Henry Akintobi, principal investigator and director of MSM-PRC. “I am thrilled that we can expand upon this 15 year legacy of collaboration and partnership through coupling community credibility with research rigor toward evidence-based, translational research strategies with demonstrable outcomes.”
The work at the PRC is funded to help reduce health disparities in communities by studying how people and their communities can avoid or counter the risks of chronic illnesses, such as HIV, heart disease, obesity, and cancer.
MSM-PRC says it will fulfill its vision toward eliminating health disparities through prevention by:
–conducting interdisciplinary community-based research initiatives, inclusive of its core HIV research, in African American and other minority communities throughout City of Atlanta Neighborhood Planning Units (NPUs);
–training more than 5,000 minority community-based researchers and public health practitioners;
–expanding the Community Coalition Board (CCB) for more collaboration with neighborhood residents, diverse organizations and academic representation.
More women today are taking their sweet, sweet time before jumping into motherhood. In fact, according to findings from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of women who are having their first child after the age of 35 has increased by more than nine times.
Researchers looked at pregnancy rates in older women between 1973 and 2012. They found that the average age of women having their first child is continuing to increase. “There were more than nine times as many first births to women 35 and older than there were 40 years ago,” WebMD wrote. (In other news, teen pregnancy and abortion rates have also dropped to new lows.)
Among white women between the ages of 40 and 49, first birth rates increased by 130 percent. For Black women of the same cohort, this rate increased by 171 percent.
So is this a good thing or a bad thing? Well Phillip Cohen, a sociologist at the University of Maryland, offers his two cents on the matter: “This is good news,” he told Science News World report. “They are more protected against the shock of earnings loss, and they’re probably more independent and better-established in their relationships.”
The CDC confirms this statement, according to DailyRx, adding that older mothers tend to be better educated, have higher incomes, and possess more resources than their younger counterparts.
“On average, [a woman’s] . . . salary will be twice what it would have been if she’d started at 22. [She can expect] about a 12 percent gain in long-term salary per year [of delaying pregnancy],” said Elizabeth Gregory, director of women’s sexuality and gender at the University of Houston.
Shifts in the female workforce, advancing technology, and evolving medical treatment have allowed women to defer motherhood to a later time, but not everyone is on board with this. One expert says that no woman should be too reliant on today’s cutting-edge medical technology.
“. . .When it comes down to having children, Mother Nature allows us to have babies at a certain age for a reason. I don’t think we’re smarter than Mother Nature,” said Dr. Catherine Herway, assistant director of maternal fetal medicine at New York’s Staten Island University Hospital.
“After 34, your chances of getting pregnant spontaneously, without the help of reproductive endocrinology or fertility services, exponentially decline,” Herway added.
The study, written by T.J. Matthews and Brady Hamilton, analyzed U.S. birth certificates nationwide since the 1970s, was published in the NCHS Data Brief on May 9th.
From The Grio
The number of black women newly infected with HIV in 2010 is 21 percent lower than it was in 2008, according to data released today from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
“The data suggests that [black] women are starting to take control,” says Dr. Kevin Fenton, director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS. “They are realizing that this is a threat to their families and their lives.”
There is no clear cause and effect, Fenton says, and a variety of reasons could explain this recent decline. However, over the last five years, the CDC says it’s increased its HIV prevention efforts in the black community, including partnering with organizations to increase HIV testing and treatment.
“And we’re seeing that women are engaging the health care system more and taking up some of those prevention messages,” Fenton says.
Read more at The Grio
While downing a bag of Tostitos tortilla chips and salsa, I saw the numbers came in for states with the highest obesity rates and…I continued eating. But cut me some slack, I’m eating grapes now. Anywho, all in all, Mississippi came out on top with the highest proportion of obese adults at 34.9 percent and Colorado had the least with a 20.7 percentage rate. This isn’t the first time the state has been put on the spot for its obesity rates, as it has claimed this title in the previous six years. If that wasn’t enough, it seems that that southern and Midwestern states took up most of the high obesity list, with 26 of the 30 states with the highest rates coming from both parts of the country. For instance, the top 10 states for obesity, to name a few, included Louisiana, Alabama, Michigan, Indiana, South Carolina, and even Texas and Kentucky tying for the tenth spot.
On top of that, while those with higher income were more likely to be obese, to be specific, women of lower income were more likely to be obese than women with a higher income, according to the CDC.
On the lower end of the spectrum, states with the lowest rates of obesity included (aside from Colorado), Hawaii, California, New York, New Jersey, and D.C. The study was done by Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and was actually conducted over the phone. Jeffrey Lavi, executive director of Trust for America’s Health had this to say about the good news and the bad news that comes from the findings:
“The good news is that we have a growing body of evidence and approaches that we know can help reduce obesity, improve nutrition and increase physical activity based on making healthier choices easier for Americans. The bad news is we’re not investing anywhere near what we need to in order to bend the obesity curve and see the returns in terms of health and savings.”
According to the CDC, and from the Daily Mail, “the latest report on obesity-related medical bills, from 2011, found that in 2006 costs totaled $147 billion, the majority of which was spent treating diseases such as diabetes.”
Of course, this test was based around the whole body mass index calculations, which damn near make everyone out to be obese. But I think we all know when we’re teetering above having some extra curves on our frame and being unhealthy, even if we don’t want to admit it. Hopefully this study will push more people all over, not just in the most obese states, to do more in the way of eating healthier and making better decisions. That way the next time a study like this takes place, the rates for every state on the list will be a whole lot lower. Check out more of the findings and where your state stands at the Center for Disease Control‘s website.
A few of the most obese states:
1. Mississippi 34.9
2. Louisiana 33.4
3. West Virinia 32.4
4. Alabama 32.0
5. Michigan 31.3
6. Oklahoma 31.1
7. Arkansas 30.9
8. Indiana (tie) 30.8
8. South Carolina 30.8
10. Kentucky (tie) 30.4
10. Texas 30.4
And a few of the least obese states:
1. Colorado 20.7
2. Hawaii 21.8
3. Massachusetts 22.7
4. New Jersey (tie) 23.7
4. District of Columbia 23.7
5. California 23.8
6. Utah 24.4
7. New York (tie) 24.5
7. Connecticut 24.5
7. Nevada 24.5
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For once, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is reporting some positive news on black teens and sexual activity. According to report author Laura Kann, there has been a “dramatic” decline in sexual activity among black teens and the number of those sexually active teens who are not using condoms.
Specifically, in the CDC’s overall report on teen sexual activity, the percentage of black teens who reported ever having sex fell from 82 percent in 1991 to 60 percent in 2011. The number with four or more sex partners also declined to 25 percent from 43 percent, and black teens also have a higher rate of condom use at 65 percent, compared to the overall average of 60 percent for teens across all races.
Though many see these results as confirmation of the effectiveness of safe-sex efforts in the black community, Kahn says the reason for the decline isn’t clear.
“This tells us what kids do, but not why,” she said.
Other generic findings, which come from about 15,000 students in grades 9 through 12 from both public and private schools who took the CDC’s annual National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, were:
- The percentages of students who’ve had sex have remained fairly stable over the last 20 years for Hispanic students (49 percent in 2011) and whites (44 percent in 2011).
- Overall, 47 percent of all teens surveyed said they’d ever had sex, down from 54 percent in 1991. The rate has barely changed since 2001.
- About one-third of students said they’d had sex within the past three months, and 15 percent said they’d had sex with four or more partners.
- The percentage of sexually active teens who use condoms grew from 46 percent in 1991 to 60 percent in 2011, although the number hasn’t changed much in recent years.
Photo courtesy of Shutterstock.
What do you think accounts for the decrease in sexual activity among black teens?
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Is moving in together before marriage a good idea?
The Centers for Disease Control just released a study that examines data from first marriages for men and women ages 15 to 44. The data was collected from 2006 to 2010 by the National Survey of Family Growth with 22,682 respondents. The Associated Press promptly released a story with the headline, “Move In Before Marriage No Longer Predicts Divorce.” But, that’s not exactly what the study shows.
Instead, the study underlined what previous studies have also shown. The study proved that moving in together before marriage might or it might not predict divorce. The differentiating factor is whether or not you moved in with an expectation of a long-term commitment similar to marriage.
For the full story, visit Yourtango.com.
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Today about 60 percent of couples live together before they get married for the first time, as the idea that you better make sure you can actually stand the person you plan to spend the rest of your life with has caught on like wildfire. For the remaining 40 percent, religious reasons or fear that living together before marriage will somehow doom their union causes them to maintain separate quarters. But a new study shows that couples who live together before walking down the aisle have no greater chance of their marriage lasting 15 years than couples who don’t.
Wendy Manning, co-director of the National Center for Family & Marriage Research at Bowling Green State University in Ohio, isn’t shocked. “It’s becoming so common, it’s not surprising it no longer negatively affects marital stability,” she said.
Overall, from interviews of men and women ages 15 to 44 during the years 2006 to 2010, the researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that nearly half of first marriages break up within 20 years. There was about a 60 percent likelihood a marriage would survive 15 years if the couple either hadn’t lived together before the wedding or were engaged while they shacked up. But if no firm marriage commitment was made before the move in, the likelihood the marriage would last 15 years fell to 53 percent.
Casey Copen, lead author of the study, said lax attitudes about commitment, lower education levels, or family histories that made these couples more pessimistic about marriage could explain the drop in marriage survival. That basically adds up to a lack of communication about expectations and goals for the relationship and family unit.
The CDC also found a few other interesting statistics on marriage and relationships in general:
- The percentage of young women currently living with a male partner grew from 3 percent in 1982 to 11 percent recently.
- Women and men with bachelor’s degrees were more likely to delay marriage but also more likely to eventually get married and stay married for at least 20 years.
- At 20 years, nearly 70 percent of Asian women were still in their first marriage, compared to 54 percent of white women, 53 percent of Hispanic women and 37 percent of black women.
- For men, 62 percent of Hispanics were still in their first marriage at 20 years, compared to 54 percent of whites and 53 percent of blacks. (There were no statistics for Asian men.)
Where do you stand on cohabitation before marriage? Do you think it’s a good or a bad idea?
Brande Victorian is a blogger and culture writer in New York City. Follower her on Twitter at @be_vic.
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