Arizona Senate Bill 1070
The highly debated law allows for law enforcement to racially profile persons that appear to be an immigrant and demand on spot for verification of their citizenship. U.S. federal law requires certain aliens to register with the U.S. government and to have registration documents in their possession at all times. The Arizona Act additionally makes it a state misdemeanor crime for an alien to be in Arizona without carrying the required documents and cracks down on those sheltering, hiring, and transporting illegal aliens.
Date Enacted: April 2010
Political Proponents: Gov. Jan Bewer, Senator Russell Pearce, John McCain, and Sarah Palin
Effect on African-Americans: The law, which aims to identify, prosecute and deport illegal immigrants is feared to be the first of many legal steps to discriminate against those of non-Caucasian races.